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Local Innovations and Cultiural Reconnection: A Local Style of Doric Octagonal Columns
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Classical Archaeology and Ancient History.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1769-4128
2022 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The multi-cultural area of ancient Epirus and southern Illyria invented a distinctive local style of architecture in the late Classical and Hellenistic period, by importing previously used shapes from older local styles of Greek architecture, as the decorative elements from western Peloponnese, the prolonged columns from Macedonia and the Archaic octagonal columns from the eastern Peloponnese. Even if many of the town were founded much earlier, some as Greek colonies, others as local settlements, the large urban development and construction happened in the 3rd century BC. The towns made themselves independent from imported material by using the commonly available hard local limestone for column shaft and sandstone for capitals, materials often counted as improper by modern researchers, but not uncommonly used for Greek columns in the Hellenistic period. Their production of Doric octagonal columns held the same high technological quality as columns elsewhere in the Greek world, sometimes used with an upper story of Ionic fluted columns. After WW2 the polygonal shaped columns were downgraded as a second rate phenomenon, while earlier researchers complied with Vitruvius and counted polygonal columns as an alternative Doric shape. The Doric octagonal columns were used in highly visible and prominent locations in Epirus and Illyria, often in stoas in the city centre and was taken up as a manifestation of identity of the unified tribes of the Epirote League. The re-invention of Doric octagonal columns must therefore have been an intentional aesthetical choice of cultural self-identification within the Greek cultural sphere. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022.
Keywords [en]
Hellenistic architecture
National Category
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Research subject
Classical Archaeology and Ancient History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-213471OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-213471DiVA, id: diva2:1724153
Conference
Architecture and Innovation in the Graeco-Roman World: Ancient Practices and Modern Readings, Ancient Archtecture Discussion Group, Oxford, England, 2022
Projects
Lokal användning av polygonala kolonner i grekisk arkitektur – en stilistisk, ekonomisk eller politisk stil?
Funder
Anna Ahlströms och Ellen Terserus stiftelseAvailable from: 2023-01-05 Created: 2023-01-05 Last updated: 2023-01-26Bibliographically approved

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Emanuelsson-Paulson, Therese

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