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Discovery of TOI-1260d and the characterization of the multiplanet system
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7201-7536
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy. Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, The Oskar Klein Centre for Cosmo Particle Physics (OKC).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3747-7120
Number of Authors: 872023 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 519, no 1, p. 1437-1451Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report the discovery of a third planet transiting the star TOI-1260, previously known to host two transiting sub-Neptune planets with orbital periods of 3.127 and 7.493 d, respectively. The nature of the third transiting planet with a 16.6-d orbit is supported by ground-based follow-up observations, including time-series photometry, high-angular resolution images, spectroscopy, and archival imagery. Precise photometric monitoring with CHEOPS allows to improve the constraints on the parameters of the system, improving our knowledge on their composition. The improved radii of TOI-1260b and TOI-1260c are 2.36±0.06R⊕2.36±0.06R⊕⁠, 2.82±0.08R⊕2.82±0.08R⊕⁠, respectively while the newly discovered third planet has a radius of 3.09±0.09R⊕3.09±0.09R⊕⁠. The radius uncertainties are in the range of 3 per cent, allowing a precise interpretation of the interior structure of the three planets. Our planet interior composition model suggests that all three planets in the TOI-1260 system contains some fraction of gas. The innermost planet TOI-1260b has most likely lost all of its primordial hydrogen-dominated envelope. Planets c and d were also likely to have experienced significant loss of atmospheric through escape, but to a lesser extent compared to planet b.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 519, no 1, p. 1437-1451
Keywords [en]
techniques: photometric, techniques: radial velocities, planets and satellites: composition, planets and satellites: detection, planets and satellites: individual: TOI-1260b, c, d, stars: individual: TOI-1260
National Category
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-215721DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stac3639ISI: 000927884000010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-215721DiVA, id: diva2:1746068
Available from: 2023-03-27 Created: 2023-03-27 Last updated: 2023-03-27Bibliographically approved

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Florén, Hans Gustav AxelBrandeker, AlexisOlofsson, Göran

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