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Domesticated Forest Landscapes in Central Scandinavia during the Iron Age: Resource Colonization for Iron and Subsistence Strategies based on Livestock
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7580-5135
Number of Authors: 12023 (English)In: Journal of field archaeology, ISSN 0093-4690, E-ISSN 2042-4582, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 315-326Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study explores how resource colonization for iron in central Sweden during the early Iron Age may have affected the use of forest landscapes. Slag heap volume at iron production sites was used to estimate the amount of forest resources required for charcoal production. Forest resources required for livestock grazing and fodder were estimated from literature sources. To produce charcoal at iron production sites, forests were harvested, creating conditions suitable for grazing. Production of livestock winter fodder, leaf-hay, became a constraint due to the conflict between grazing grounds and fodder producing areas near main settlements. Although availability of forest was not limiting, a combination of opportunities and constraints is suggested to have promoted a new spatial ordering of land use. This included land closest to the main settlements allocated to fodder production and development of secondary seasonal settlements (shielings) at iron production sites, which could be exploited for livestock grazing. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 48, no 4, p. 315-326
Keywords [en]
boreal, bloomery iron, charcoal, forest grazing, leaf-hay, niche construction, shielings
National Category
Archaeology Physical Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-215766DOI: 10.1080/00934690.2023.2179186ISI: 000937813100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85148516297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-215766DiVA, id: diva2:1746490
Available from: 2023-03-28 Created: 2023-03-28 Last updated: 2023-05-09Bibliographically approved

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Eriksson, Ove

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