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Horrific images in East and West: A qualitative and comparative analysis of the visual representation of Syrian and Ukrainian refugees in three Swedish news outlets
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Media Studies, JMK.
2023 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

This thesis compares the visual representation of Syrian refugees during the 2015 refugee crisis and Ukrainian refugees during the Russian invasion 2022 in news outlets Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dabladet and Aftonbladet. The aim of the study is thus to investigate how ethnic groups are framed in a photojournalistic setting. The theoretical concept otherness is used to analyze the selected visual images and the concept of visualities highlight how photographs published in the media communicate political messages and how images reflect immigration discourse. Additionally, photojournalistic regimes of visibility and responsibility are used to illuminate similarities and dissimilarities in the material. In total, 200 images made up the sample for the performed qualitative visual analysis.

The findings reveal that empathetic portrayals dominate the Swedish narrative. Syrian refugees were overrepresented in imagery alluding to otherness painting a picture of Syrians as ethnic, cultural and dangerous others. Photography triggering social and political engagement were crucial in the forming of visualities, relating visual images to the political and public arena. The sampled images did reflect immigration discourses of intimidation and humanity.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. , p. 79
Keywords [en]
Photojournalism, qualitative visual analysis, otherness, visibility, visualities, immigration discourse, Syria, Ukraine, Sweden
National Category
Media Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-218015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-218015DiVA, id: diva2:1766211
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Available from: 2023-06-12 Created: 2023-06-12 Last updated: 2023-06-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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