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Identified person bias as decreasing marginal value of chances
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Philosophy.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8382-1802
Number of Authors: 12023 (English)In: Noûs, ISSN 0029-4624, E-ISSN 1468-0068Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Many philosophers think that we should use a lottery to decide who gets a good to which two persons have an equal claim but which only one person can get. Some philosophers think that we should save identified persons from harm even at the expense of saving a somewhat greater number of statistical persons from the same harm. I defend a principled way of justifying both judgements, namely, by appealing to the decreasing marginal moral value of survival chances. I identify four desiderata that, I contend, any such justification should satisfy, and explain how my account meets these desiderata, unlike some previous accounts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
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Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-218392DOI: 10.1111/nous.12470ISI: 000997639200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85161318194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-218392DiVA, id: diva2:1771435
Available from: 2023-06-20 Created: 2023-06-20 Last updated: 2023-06-20

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Stefánsson, H. Orri

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