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Identified person bias as decreasing marginal value of chances
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Filosofiska institutionen.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-8382-1802
Rekke forfattare: 12023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Noûs, ISSN 0029-4624, E-ISSN 1468-0068Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Many philosophers think that we should use a lottery to decide who gets a good to which two persons have an equal claim but which only one person can get. Some philosophers think that we should save identified persons from harm even at the expense of saving a somewhat greater number of statistical persons from the same harm. I defend a principled way of justifying both judgements, namely, by appealing to the decreasing marginal moral value of survival chances. I identify four desiderata that, I contend, any such justification should satisfy, and explain how my account meets these desiderata, unlike some previous accounts.

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2023.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-218392DOI: 10.1111/nous.12470ISI: 000997639200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85161318194OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-218392DiVA, id: diva2:1771435
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-06-20 Laget: 2023-06-20 Sist oppdatert: 2023-06-20

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Stefánsson, H. Orri

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