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Mind the gap! Gender differences in alcohol consumption among Swedish ninth graders 1989-2021
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD). Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0185-8896
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2473-6330
2023 (English)In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

IntroductionTo examine gender differences in drinking habits among Swedish ninth graders over the period 1989-2021.MethodsAnnual school surveys with nationally representative samples of ninth-grade students in Sweden covering the period 1989-2021, total sample of 180,538 students. Drinking habits were measured with self-reports of frequency and quantity of use and frequency of heavy episodic drinking. Differences between genders were compared annually and differences were tested using logistic and ordinary least square regression models with cluster robust standard errors.ResultsSmall gender differences in the prevalence of alcohol use during the first part of the study period were followed by an increasing gap over the past decade with girls being more likely to drink alcohol than boys. Boys consumed larger amounts of alcohol than girls during the first three decades of the studied period but no gender differences were found in later years. Binge drinking was more prevalent among boys during 1989 to 2000 but no systematic gender difference was found during the past 15 years.Discussion and ConclusionsThere used to be clear gender differences in drinking habits among ninth graders in Sweden with boys drinking more than girls. This gap has narrowed over the past three decades and among contemporary adolescents, no gender differences are found neither in binge drinking nor volume of drinking and the prevalence of drinking is even higher among girls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
Keywords [en]
alcohol, change, gender, Sweden, youth
National Category
Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-221384DOI: 10.1111/dar.13718ISI: 001024743500001PubMedID: 37434384Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85164772835OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-221384DiVA, id: diva2:1798910
Available from: 2023-09-20 Created: 2023-09-20 Last updated: 2023-09-20

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Ramstedt, MatsTörrönen, Jukka

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