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Legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in eggs of night herons and poultries from the upper Yangtze Basin, Southwest China
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Number of Authors: 92023 (English)In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, Vol. 30, no 41, p. 93744-93759Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) eggs have been identified as useful indicators for biomonitoring the environmental pollution in China. In this study, we investigated thirty eggs of black-crowned night heron collected from the upper Yangtze River (Changjiang) Basin, Southwest China, for the occurrence of legacy persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Our results showed a general presence of POPs in night heron eggs with OCPs being the dominant contaminants, having a geometric mean concentration of 22.2 ng g(-1) wet weight (ww), followed by PCBs (1.36 ng g(-1) ww), PBDEs (0.215 ng g(-1) ww), and PCDD/Fs (23.0 pg g(-1) ww). The concentration levels were found to be significantly higher in night heron eggs than in poultry eggs by one or two magnitude orders. Among OCP congeners, p,p & PRIME;-DDE was found to be predominant in night heron eggs, with a geometric mean concentration of 15.1 ng g(-1) ww. Furthermore, species-specific congener patterns in eggs suggested similar or different sources for different POPs, possibly associated with contaminated soil and parental dietary sources. Additionally, estimated daily intakes (EDIs) were used to evaluate non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risk associated with consumption of bird eggs. Our results revealed non-negligible non-cancer and cancer risk for humans who consume wild bird eggs as a regular diet instead of poultry eggs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 30, no 41, p. 93744-93759
Keywords [en]
POPs, PCDD, Fs, OCPs, PBDEs, PCBs, Bird egg, Night heron
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-221357DOI: 10.1007/s11356-023-28974-zISI: 001040005900010PubMedID: 37516701Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85166262139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-221357DiVA, id: diva2:1799216
Available from: 2023-09-21 Created: 2023-09-21 Last updated: 2023-09-21Bibliographically approved

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Bergman, Åke

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