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The C-terminal domain of the antiamyloid chaperone DNAJB6 binds to amyloid-β peptide fibrils and inhibits secondary nucleation
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0905-7911
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Number of Authors: 92023 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 299, no 11, article id 105317Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The DNAJB6 chaperone inhibits fibril formation of aggregation-prone client peptides through interaction with aggregated and oligomeric forms of the amyloid peptides. Here, we studied the role of its C-terminal domain (CTD) using constructs comprising either the entire CTD or the first two or all four of the CTD β-strands grafted onto a scaffold protein. Each construct was expressed as WT and as a variant with alanines replacing five highly conserved and functionally important serine and threonine residues in the first β-strand. We investigated the stability, oligomerization, antiamyloid activity, and affinity for amyloid-β (Aβ42) species using optical spectroscopy, native mass spectrometry, chemical crosslinking, and surface plasmon resonance technology. While DNAJB6 forms large and polydisperse oligomers, CTD was found to form only monomers, dimers, and tetramers of low affinity. Kinetic analyses showed a shift in inhibition mechanism. Whereas full-length DNAJB6 activity is dependent on the serine and threonine residues and efficiently inhibits primary and secondary nucleation, all CTD constructs inhibit secondary nucleation only, independently of the serine and threonine residues, although their dimerization and thermal stabilities are reduced by alanine substitution. While the full-length DNAJB6 inhibition of primary nucleation is related to its propensity to form coaggregates with Aβ, the CTD constructs instead bind to Aβ42 fibrils, which affects the nucleation events at the fibril surface. The retardation of secondary nucleation by DNAJB6 can thus be ascribed to the first two β-strands of its CTD, whereas the inhibition of primary nucleation is dependent on the entire protein or regions outside the CTD.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 299, no 11, article id 105317
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Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-224307DOI: 10.1016/j.jbc.2023.105317ISI: 001101315100001PubMedID: 37797698Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85175246202OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-224307DiVA, id: diva2:1817374
Available from: 2023-12-06 Created: 2023-12-06 Last updated: 2023-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Österlund, NicklasGräslund, Astrid

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