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Air quality impacts of a large waste fire in Stockholm, Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5905-4092
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Environmental Science.
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Number of Authors: 162023 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, E-ISSN 1873-2844, Vol. 315, article id 120124Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Fires in waste facilities are a common occurrence. Since many waste facilities are located adjacent to densely populated areas, these fires could potentially expose large populations to the emitted pollutants. However, at the moment there are only few field studies investigating the impact of waste fire emissions on air quality since the unpredictable nature of these events makes them challenging to capture. This study investigated the impact of a large and persistent un-prescribed fire in a waste storage facility in Stockholm county, Sweden, on the local air quality of two residential areas in close proximity to the fire. In-situ measurements of particulate matter, black carbon and nitrogen oxide concentrations were conducted both during open burning and after the fire was fully covered. In addition, filter samples were collected for offline analysis of organic composition, metal content and toxicity. Strongly increased concentrations of PM10, PM2.5 and black carbon were found during the open burning period, especially when the wind was coming from the direction of the fire. In addition, elevated concentrations of particulate heavy metals and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were observed in the air during the open burning period. These results show that waste fires can have a strong impact on the air quality of nearby residential areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023. Vol. 315, article id 120124
Keywords [en]
Waste fire emissions, Air quality, Air pollutants, Waste facility fires, Particulate matter, Gaseous pollutants
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-226577DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2023.120124ISI: 001152920900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85174675401OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-226577DiVA, id: diva2:1837632
Available from: 2024-02-14 Created: 2024-02-14 Last updated: 2024-02-14Bibliographically approved

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Elihn, KarineJohansson, JanaMartin, Jonathan W.Sadiktsis, IoannisSteimer, Sarah

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