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Causes, processes and consequences of earthquakes: Investigating Swedish 12-13-year old students' geographical understanding
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Teaching and Learning.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Teaching and Learning.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8649-4632
Number of Authors: 32024 (English)In: International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, ISSN 1038-2046, E-ISSN 1747-7611Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to investigate students' conceptions of causes, processes and consequences of earthquakes and to examine their geographical understanding of such hazards in terms of spatial and societal-nature relations. Data consists of 134 responses from 12 to 13-year-old students who had completed an assignment in the Swedish national test in geography (2013). The responses were analysed using content and thematic analyses. Data was complemented with interviews. Results show that many students hold alternative conceptions of processes causing earthquakes at different plate boundaries, and why poor societies are more severely affected by earthquakes than rich societies. Furthermore, results show that students have a limited understanding of the extent and location of earthquakes in the world. We conclude that instruction aiming to develop students' understanding of earthquakes as a geographical phenomenon and hazard may integrate map-reasoning skills with examples that support contextual thinking. We also suggest that in order to develop students' relational thinking on society and nature, instruction can utilise the concept of capital. Furthermore, teaching needs to take in to account and design instruction to meet students' alternative conceptions that societal consequences of earthquakes are solely predetermined by natural factors such as climate or heat.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024.
Keywords [en]
Alternative conceptions, capitals, causes, earthquakes, geography education processes, society
National Category
Didactics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-226548DOI: 10.1080/10382046.2023.2298555ISI: 001148679900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85183100448OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-226548DiVA, id: diva2:1837943
Available from: 2024-02-15 Created: 2024-02-15 Last updated: 2024-02-26

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Arrhenius, MattiasLundholm, Cecilia

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  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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