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Perceived parental alcohol problems and drinking patterns among adolescents in Sweden
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4396-4339
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3573-6301
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Public Health Sciences. The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1679-3506
Number of Authors: 42024 (English)In: Addictive Behaviors Reports, ISSN 2352-8532, Vol. 19, article id 100535Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: For adolescents, parental problem drinking can be regarded as a chronic stressor, negatively affecting their health. There is limited knowledge and a relative lack of empirical evidence on this topic, especially in Sweden. The aim of the current study was to examine perceived parental alcohol problems and the links with psychosomatic complaints among adolescents in Sweden. Methods: Data were obtained from the Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs’ national survey of 2021, collected amongst 9,032 students in grades 9 (~15–16 years) and 11 (~17–18 years). Perceived parental alcohol problems were measured by the Children of Alcoholics Screening Test (CAST-6) scale, using a cutoff at ≥ 3. Psychosomatic complaints were captured by a binary measure based on the frequency of headache, stomach ache, feeling depressed or down, difficulties to fall asleep, and sleeping poorly at night. Sociodemographic characteristics included gender, grade, parental education, and parental country of birth. Descriptive analyses with chi2 tests and binary logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: Adolescents with perceived parental alcohol problems had higher odds of reporting psychosomatic complaints compared with adolescents without perceived parental drinking problems, even when adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics. Girls, grade 11 students, adolescent with at least one parent born in Sweden, and those without university-educated parents were more likely to report parental alcohol problems. Conclusions: The findings highlight adolescents with perceived parental alcohol problems need support. The school, being an arena where adolescents spend much of their time, may play a vital role in this regard. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. Vol. 19, article id 100535
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, Alcohol, Parental drinking problems, CAST-6, Psychosomatic complaints
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-226818DOI: 10.1016/j.abrep.2023.100491OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-226818DiVA, id: diva2:1839567
Available from: 2024-02-21 Created: 2024-02-21 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Wahlström, JoakimBrolin Låftman, SaraSvensson, Johan

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Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

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