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Clearing Up Discrepancies in 2D and 3D Nickel Molybdate Hydrate Structures
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9881-3493
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Number of Authors: 82024 (English)In: Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 0020-1669, E-ISSN 1520-510X, Vol. 63, no 5, p. 2388-2400Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

When electrocatalysts are prepared, modification of the morphology is a common strategy to enhance their electrocatalytic performance. In this work, we have examined and characterized nanorods (3D) and nanosheets (2D) of nickel molybdate hydrates, which previously have been treated as the same material with just a variation in morphology. We thoroughly investigated the materials and report that they contain fundamentally different compounds with different crystal structures, chemical compositions, and chemical stabilities. The 3D nanorod structure exhibits the chemical formula NiMoO4<middle dot>0.6H(2)O and crystallizes in a triclinic system, whereas the 2D nanosheet structures can be rationalized with Ni3MoO5-0.5x(OH)(x)<middle dot>(2.3 - 0.5x)H2O, with a mixed valence of both Ni and Mo, which enables a layered crystal structure. The difference in structure and composition is supported by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, ion beam analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, X-ray diffraction, electron diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and magnetic measurements. The previously proposed crystal structure for the nickel molybdate hydrate nanorods from the literature needs to be reconsidered and is here refined by ab initio molecular dynamics on a quantum mechanical level using density functional theory calculations to reproduce the experimental findings. Because the material is frequently studied as an electrocatalyst or catalyst precursor and both structures can appear in the same synthesis, a clear distinction between the two compounds is necessary to assess the underlying structure-to-function relationship and targeted electrocatalytic properties.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. Vol. 63, no 5, p. 2388-2400
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Materials Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-226960DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.3c03261ISI: 001158182800001PubMedID: 38242537OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-226960DiVA, id: diva2:1841648
Available from: 2024-02-29 Created: 2024-02-29 Last updated: 2024-02-29Bibliographically approved

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Feng, ShihuiTai, Cheuk-Wai

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Feng, ShihuiGhorai, SagarTai, Cheuk-WaiEdvinsson, Tomas
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