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Gender and Social Contacts: Labour Market Entry Among Refugee and Family Reunion Migrants in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8422-7023
2024 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Migration Research, E-ISSN 1799-649X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 1-20, article id 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increasing rates of refugee and family reunion immigration have led to rising concern about integration in Europe. Previous studies point to the importance of social contacts for migrants’ labour market integration but suggest that they play different roles for men and women. Yet, less attention has been paid to the potential factors shaping gender differences. Using the Swedish Level of Living Survey of foreign-born and their children, this study (1) establishes the gender-specific role of contacts at entry into employment among refugee and family reunion migrants, and (2) analyses how educational attainment and region of origin shape gender differences. Results reveal that social contacts promote entry into employment among migrant men. In contrast, contacts are not related to a shorter time to first job among migrant women. Findings further point towards gender differences in the role of social contacts by educational attainment and region of origin. In particular, migrant men appear to benefit from their contacts largely because social contacts assist low-educated men in securing work. Among women, the role of social contacts does not differ across educational attainment. Instead, educational attainment is directly associated with time to first job, suggesting that women rely more heavily on their formal education. The returns to social contacts are heterogeneous across regions of origin, and especially so among women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2024. Vol. 14, no 3, p. 1-20, article id 4
Keywords [en]
Entry into employment, Gender, Integration, Migration, Social contacts
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-228860DOI: 10.33134/njmr.664OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-228860DiVA, id: diva2:1855576
Funder
Forte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2021 00026Available from: 2024-05-02 Created: 2024-05-02 Last updated: 2024-05-13

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Weber, Rosa

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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