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Characterization of a novel cytotoxic cell-penetrating peptide derived from p14ARF protein
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för neurokemi.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för neurokemi.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för neurokemi.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2008 (engelsk)Inngår i: Molecular Therapy, ISSN 1525-0016, E-ISSN 1525-0024, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 115-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2008. Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 115-123
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24648ISI: 000251821000020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24648DiVA, id: diva2:197994
Merknad
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7287Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-01-24 Laget: 2008-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-13bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Cell-penetrating peptides in protein mimicry and oligonucleotide delivery: Applications and mechanisms
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Cell-penetrating peptides in protein mimicry and oligonucleotide delivery: Applications and mechanisms
2008 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The plasma membrane functions as a barrier, restricting entry of hydrophilic pharmaceutical agents. Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) are capable of transporting bioactive cargos into the cell and have consequently been extensively investigated for their mechanism of entry and capability to deliver various cargos spanning from peptides to plasmids.

The main aim of this thesis was to investigate the mechanism and capability of some of these CPPs to deliver mainly oligonucleotides and peptides into the cell. Oligonucleotides in the form of ds DNA decoy for sequestering of transcription factors or PNAs for redirection of splicing. In addition, peptides derived from the interaction interface of a tumor suppressor protein were investigated for their potential to combine a biological effect with internalization.

Peptides with or without any cargo were predominantly dependent on some form of endocytic mechanism for internalization, substantiated by using a functional assay, where all tested CPPs were associated with endocytosis for delivery of splice correcting PNAs. A new CPP, M918 proved most efficient in promoting splice correction and internalized mainly via macropinocytosis. In addition, TP10 efficiently delivered dsDNA decoy oligonucleotides for sequestering of the transcription factor Myc with a concomitant biological response, i.e. reduced proliferation. Finally, for the first time, to our knowledge, a novel pro-apoptotic peptide with cell-penetrating properties was designed from the tumor suppressor p14ARF, which decreased proliferation and induced apoptosis in cancer cell-lines, potentially mimicking the full-length protein. Altogether, this thesis highlights the functionality of CPPs and the possibility to develop new CPPs with improved or new properties, having the potential to advance delivery of therapeutic compounds.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Institutionen för neurokemi, 2008. s. 62
Emneord
peptide, oligonucleotide, cell-penetrating peptide, PNA, splicing
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
neurokemi med molekylär neurobiologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7287 (URN)978-91-7155-511-3 (ISBN)
Disputas
2008-02-15, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 12 A, Stockholm, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-01-24 Laget: 2008-01-11 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-13bibliografisk kontrollert
2. Cell-penetrating peptides: Uptake, stability and biological activity
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Cell-penetrating peptides: Uptake, stability and biological activity
2011 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) have emerged as a group of remarkable delivery vectors for various hydrophilic macromolecules, otherwise excluded from cells due to the protective plasma membrane. Unbiased conclusions regarding e.g. uptake mechanism, intracellular distribution and cargo delivery efficacy is complicated by the use of different methodological parameters by different laboratories. The first paper in this thesis introduced unifying protocols enabling comparison of results from different research groups. One of these methods, HPLC, was used in paper II to investigate CPP uptake and degradation in yeasts. Both parameters varied depending on peptide and yeast species; however pVEC emerged as a promising delivery vector in yeast since it internalized into both species tested without concomitant degradation. Protein mimicry was another investigated phenomenon and in paper III a 22-mer peptide from the p14Arf protein (Arf (1-22)) was found to be sufficient for retaining its function as a tumor suppressor. This peptide comprised a combination of apoptogenic property and CPP in one unity, thus providing opportunity to conjugate cytotoxic agents boosting the tumoricidal activity. Surprisingly, a partially inverted control peptide to Arf (1-22), called M918, was found to be an extraordinary CPP. In paper IV, it was shown to be superior to well-established CPPs in delivery of both peptide nucleic acids and proteins. Albeit the promising results these two peptides displayed, their utility in vivo, as with all peptides, is hampered by rapid degradation. With the aim of improving their stability, Arf (1-22) and M918 were synthesized with D-amino acids in the reverse order, a modification called retro-inverso (RI) isomerization. Their cell-penetrating ability was retained, but the treated cells displayed unexpected morphological alterations indicative of apoptosis. The presented results demonstrate the versatility of CPPs, functioning as vectors in both yeast and mammalian cells and as protein mimicking peptides with biological activity. Their potential as drug delivery agents is obvious; however, peptide degradation is an issue that requires further improvements before clinical success is in reach.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Department of Neurochemistry, Stockholm University, 2011. s. 99
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
neurokemi och neurotoxikologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55664 (URN)978-91-7447-269-1 (ISBN)
Disputas
2011-05-06, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Merknad
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 5: In press.Tilgjengelig fra: 2011-04-14 Laget: 2011-03-24 Sist oppdatert: 2011-03-24bibliografisk kontrollert

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