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Personality and Reconviction in Crime: A Three-year Follow-up Study of Male Criminal Recidivists
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, ISSN 1499-9013, E-ISSN 1932-9903, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 83-94Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objective of the present study was to identify personality characteristics associated with reconviction and reimprisonment in severely criminal male subjects. A further objective was to assess whether personality traits are useful for identifying those offenders who cease versus continue a criminal career. Using KSP, EPQ-I and SSS inventories, self-reported personality traits were investigated in 100 incarcerated male recidivists (age range 30–38 years) and non-criminal male comparisons. Follow-up data were obtained three years after release from prison. The subjects were grouped according to reconviction level, yielding four groups: Ss totally free of convictions (FC), Ss convicted but not imprisoned (CNP), Ss with one to three prison convictions (TCP), and Ss with four or more prison convictions (FCP). Results indicated that the study group differed markedly from the non-criminals with regard to most personality traits, while there were few significant differences between the conviction groups. However, the FC Ss had lower scores than the FCP Ss on the EPQ Psychoticism and SSS Disinhibition scales when previous time spent in prison and age at the first examination session were controlled for. They also had higher scores on KSP Guilt. Furthermore, logistic regression analysis indicated that the higher the extraversion and psychic anxiety, the less likely it was for the individual to have been reimprisoned.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 7, no 1, p. 83-94
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-24930DOI: 10.1080/14999013.2008.9914405OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-24930DiVA, id: diva2:198545
Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-04-25 Last updated: 2022-02-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Lyckas mot alla odds: Protektiva faktorer i upphörandeprocessen vid brottslig verksamhet
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Lyckas mot alla odds: Protektiva faktorer i upphörandeprocessen vid brottslig verksamhet
2008 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of the present study was to investigate the criminal career, focusing on factors of importance for quitting an ongoing severe criminal career. First a pilot study was performed on 15 young male criminals, for which an interview guide concerning life situation and background characteristics was applied and revised for further developing into a questionnaire (Study I). Further 100 male recidivists, aged 30-38 yrs and incarcerated in prisons in the region of Stockholm, Sweden, were studied. The subjects filled in a self-administered questionnaire on background factors, e.g., debut in crime and addiction, upbringing, values, and quality of social networks (Study II). The subjects were then interviewed according to the revised interview guide regarding life situation, e.g., criminality, addiction, quality of social networks, lodging situation, economic status, work and leisure-time (Study III). Self-reported personality traits were investigated using KSP, EPQ-I and SSS inventories (Study IV). Inclusion criteria were that the subject had at least three prior convictions to prison and at least a total of one year of prison served. At a follow-up three years after release from prison, registered criminal activity was assessed and subjects were grouped according to recidivism level. The subjects free of convictions displayed higher quality in upbringing conditions, relationships, and lodging situation; they also differed in self-reported evaluation of addiction and criminal life-style. Furthermore, they showed a later debut in addiction, and were less likely to live with addicted partners. Concerning personality, results indicated that individuals with higher extraversion and cognitive-psychic anxiety were less likely to be reconvicted, while individuals with higher irritability and sensation seeking traits were more likely to become reconvicted during the follow-up period. The results are discussed in terms of an interactional model of the crime quitting process

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2008. p. 83
Keywords
kriminell karriär, upphörande med brott, protektiva faktorer, riskfaktorer
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7542 (URN)978-91-7155-670 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-05-30, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-05-08 Created: 2008-04-25Bibliographically approved

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