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Skeletal Evidence of Health, Disease and Activity in two Swedish Populations
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur.
Ansvarlig organisasjon
(engelsk)Inngår i: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, ISSN 0002-9483Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Submitted
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-25393OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-25393DiVA, id: diva2:199646
Merknad
Part of urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8136Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-09-02 Laget: 2008-09-02 Sist oppdatert: 2011-10-27bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Tracing Prehistoric Activities: Life ways, habitual behaviour and health of hunter-gatherers on Gotland
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Tracing Prehistoric Activities: Life ways, habitual behaviour and health of hunter-gatherers on Gotland
2008 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

In the present thesis, skeletal and dental evidence of physical strain and habitual behaviour has been investigated through musculoskeletal stress markers (MSM) and extramasticatory dental wear. The skeletal and dental traits have been examined in relation to health patterns and material culture in order to gain better knowledge of life ways of hunter-gatherers on Gotland with special focus on Pitted Ware culture sites and the Ajvide site in particular. Skeletal assemblages included in the study derive from five Middle Neolithic sites on Gotland (n= 213): Ajvide, Västerbjers, Visby, Ire and Fridtorp; as well as a medieval sample from Sigtuna (n= 343).

Although inferring specific activities from particular skeletal traits is difficult, results imply that archery was performed at Ajvide, and particularly noticeable in males. Further sex and age related differences in MSM and dental wear were observed within as well as between sites, showing that there was a gendered division of labour within the Pitted Ware culture on Gotland. A correlation was furthermore observed between extramasticatory wear and periapi-cal lesions, indicating that habitual behaviour also posed a potential health hazard.

The general health of the hunter-gatherers on Gotland was poorer compared to Medieval Sigtuna, although separate health variables exhibit a more complex image of the patterns of health and activity in these populations signifying the two different ways of life. However, no direct link between physical strain and health status was found. Neither was there a clear association between patterns of eburnation lesions and MSM, although results show that factors other than age should be considered for the onset of osteoarthritis.

The study has shown both skeletal and dental evidence of physical activity and habitual behaviour in the Pitted Ware culture. It has also shown that activity patterns indeed may have consequences for the general health status of a population.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens kultur, 2008. s. 144
Serie
Theses and papers in osteoarchaeology, ISSN 1652-4098 ; 4
Emneord
Activity-related change, Musculoskeletal Stress Markers, Extramasticatory wear, dental wear, Health index, Pitted Ware culture, Neolithic, Ajvide
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
osteoarkeologi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8136 (URN)978-91-7155-613-4 (ISBN)
Disputas
2008-09-19, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8 A, Stockholm, 10:00
Opponent
Veileder
Tilgjengelig fra: 2008-09-02 Laget: 2008-09-02bibliografisk kontrollert

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