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Synthesis of 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(4-chloro-3-thiophenol)-1,1-dichloroethene (3-SH-DDE) via Newman-Kwart rearrangement - A precursor for synthesis of radiolabeled and unlabeled alkylsulfonyl-DDEs
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för miljökemi.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för miljökemi.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för miljökemi.
2009 (Engelska)Ingår i: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, ISSN 0045-6535, Vol. 76, nr 6, s. 805-810Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

For the first time, a pathway for synthesis of 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(4-chloro-3-thiophenol)-1,1-dichloroethene (3-SH-DDE), is presented. The compound is of particular interest as a precursor for synthesis of alkylsulfonyl-DDE containing different alkyl groups to discover structural activity relationships, and to promote synthesis of radiolabeled methylsulfonyl-DDE. 2-Chloro-5-methyl phenol was first methylated and further oxidized to the corresponding benzoic acid. The acid was reduced to the corresponding aldehyde (4-chloro-3-methoxy benzaldehyde) via 4-chloro-3-methoxy-benzene methanol. A lead/aluminium bimetal system was used to carry out the reductive addition of tetrachloromethane to 4-chloro-3-methoxy benzaldehyde to obtain 2,2,2-trichloro-1-(4-chloro-3-methoxyphenyl)ethanol,the desired starting material to synthesize the DDT-analogue (2-(4-chlorophenyl)-2-(4-chloro-3-methoxy-phenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane). Elimination of hydrochloric acid and removal of the methyl group led to the 3-OH-DDE. The Newman-Kwart rearrangement was applied to convert 3-OH-DDE to 3-SH-DDE via the dimethyl-carbarnothioate derivative. 3-SH-DDE is then used as a precursor for the radiolabel synthesis. The overall yield to acquire 3-SH-DDE after 11 steps was 3%. The step with the lowest yield was the DDT-analog synthesis with a yield of 30%. All other step had a yield of >50%. 3-SH-DDE was methylated with C-14-labeled iodomethane and oxidized by hydrogen peroxide to obtain 3-[C-14]MeSO2-DDE in an overall yield of 30%.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Oxford: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2009. Vol. 76, nr 6, s. 805-810
Nyckelord [en]
Methyl sulfone metabolites, Aromatic substitution, Eastern Slovakia, Human milk, Aryl, PCBS, 3-Methylsulfonyl-DDE, Mechanism, Sulfides, P, P'-DDE
Nationell ämneskategori
Materialkemi
Forskningsämne
miljökemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-35800DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.04.042ISI: 000269243900012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-35800DiVA, id: diva2:288071
Tillgänglig från: 2010-01-20 Skapad: 2010-01-20 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-28Bibliografiskt granskad

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Sundström, MariaBergman, Åke

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