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Huvudbaner och anvapen under stormaktstiden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Art History.
1999 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This is the first major piece of research which has been carried out dealing with funeral escutcheons and ancestral coats of arms which are typical of the period when Sweden was a great power. Funeral escutcheons and ancestral coats of arms are wooden shields which were often carried at noblemen’s funerals and afterwards were hung in the church where the funeral service took place. The research concentrates on Sweden within its present borders and deals with the period 1650- 1730. Included are funeral escutcheons of the peerage, the gentry, and of commoners.

The investigation shows when, how and in which connection funeral escutcheons were used. Also which groups in the society of the day would have had them made. The ceremonial differences in the funerals of women and children are also discussed.

Funeral escutcheons and ancestral coats of arms from the time when Sweden was a great power are elaborate and skilful works of art executed by different categories of sculptors such as court sculptors, naval sculptors, sculptors belonging to guilds and private craftsmen.

The study also makes clear the difference between sculptors and wood carvers. The demands made by those who commissioned these works of art are analysed in a newly-discovered document from the 1670s. In the contract, comparisons are made with other funeral escutcheons, their carving and gilding are pointed out in order to influence the sculptor’s execution of the work.

One result of this research is that a number of funeral escutcheons and ancestral coats of arms have been attributed to different sculptors which increases our knowledge about their activities in many cases.

The development of style and form during the period 1650-1730 is analysed and this shows where the influences came from and how they were spread further throughout the country. The research material has even included drawings, printed books with examples of motifs and private sketch books which were found in the estate inventories of some sculptors. Regional differences are shown between funeral escutcheons from different parts of the country, especially from the areas which were at that time incorporated into Sweden.

The thesis shows the changes in the heraldic motifs of funeral escutcheons. It discusses the different choices of motifs and also the symbols which were characteristic of that period in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 1999. , p. 380
Keywords [en]
Ancestral Coat of arms, Baroque, Ceremonial, Contract for a Sculpture, Funeral, Funeral Escutcheon, Heraldry, Sculptor, Sweden as a Great Power, 17th-Century Crafts
National Category
Art History
Research subject
Art History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64911Libris ID: 8379980ISBN: 91-85716-83-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-64911DiVA, id: diva2:459780
Public defence
1999-11-19, G-salen, Arrheniuslaboratorierna, Frescati, Stockholm, 13:00
Opponent
Available from: 2011-11-28 Created: 2011-11-28 Last updated: 2019-03-20Bibliographically approved

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