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Psychosocial Experiences and Adjustment Among Adult Swedes With Superior General Mental Ability
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7824-0536
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2011 (English)In: Journal for the Education of the Gifted, ISSN 0162-3532, E-ISSN 2162-9501, Vol. 34, no 6, p. 900-918Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Sweden, special needs of high-ability individuals have received little attention. For this purpose, adult Swedes with superior general mental ability (GMA; N = 302), defined by an IQ score > 130 on tests of abstract reasoning, answered a questionnaire regarding their views of themselves and their giftedness. The participants also rated their self-theory of intelligence and completed the Sense of Coherence Scale (SOC-13). At large, the participants experienced being different but felt little need to downplay their giftedness to gain social acceptance. Most participants encompassed an entity self-theory of intelligence, while also recognizing that it takes effort to develop one’s ability. The group scored lower (p < .001) than Swedes in general on the SOC, which may be a reflection of social difficulties associated with being gifted in an egalitarian society. However, it may also indicate that the SOC carries a different meaning for those with superior GMA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2011. Vol. 34, no 6, p. 900-918
Keywords [en]
giftedness, intelligence, general mental ability, sense of coherence, self-theory of intelligence, exploratory factor analysis, Mensa Society
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-70343DOI: 10.1177/0162353211424988OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-70343DiVA, id: diva2:480596
Available from: 2012-01-19 Created: 2012-01-19 Last updated: 2022-02-24Bibliographically approved

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Stålnacke, JannicaSmedler, Ann-Charlotte

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