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Analysis of single oil-bearing fluid inclusions in mid-Proterozoic sandstones (Roper Group, Australia)
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för geologiska vetenskaper.
Vise andre og tillknytning
2013 (engelsk)Inngår i: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, ISSN 0016-7037, E-ISSN 1872-9533, Vol. 122, s. 448-463Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Hydrocarbons and organic biomarkers extracted from black shales and other carbonaceous sedimentary rocks are valuable sources of information on the biodiversity and environment of early Earth. However, many Precambrian hydrocarbons including biomarkers are suspected of being younger contamination. An alternative approach is to study biomarkers trapped in oil-bearing fluid inclusions by bulk crushing samples and subsequently analysing the extracted hydrocarbons with gas chromatography- mass spectrometry. However, this method does not constrain the hydrocarbons to one particular oil inclusion, which means that if several different generations of oil inclusions are present in the sample, a mix of the content from these oil inclusions will be analysed. In addition, samples with few and/ or small inclusions are often below the detection limit. Recently, we showed that it is possible to detect organic biomarkers in single oil-bearing fluid inclusions using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). In the present study, single fluid inclusion analysis has been performed on Proterozoic samples for the first time. Four individual oil-bearing fluid inclusions, found in 1430 Ma sandstone from the Roper Superbasin in Northern Australia, were analysed with ToF-SIMS. The ToF-SIMS spectra of the oil in the different inclusions are very similar to each other and are consistent with the presence of n-alkanes/ branched alkanes, monocyclic alkanes, bicyclic alkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons, and tetracyclic and pentacyclic hydrocarbons. These results are in agreement with those obtained from bulk crushing of inclusions trapped in the same samples. The capability to analyse the hydrocarbon and biomarker composition of single oil-bearing fluid inclusions is a major breakthrough, as it opens up a way of obtaining molecular compositional data on ancient oils without the ambiguity of the origin of these hydrocarbons. Additionally, this finding suggests that it will be possible to analyse minute oil samples beyond the capability of established techniques. This may allow the biomarker record of the biosphere, as preserved in fluid inclusions, to be extended further back in time, and hence makes it possible to more accurately trace the early evolution of life on Earth, and search for life on other planets or moons.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2013. Vol. 122, s. 448-463
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-96862DOI: 10.1016/j.gca.2013.08.010ISI: 000326269800025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-96862DiVA, id: diva2:668292
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council, 60573901
Merknad

AuthorCount:7;

Funding acencies:

Swedish Research Council 60573901; Swedish National Space Board 140/06; Australian Research Council ARC DP0556493 

Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-11-29 Laget: 2013-11-28 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-06bibliografisk kontrollert

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