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Modeling the Evolution of Creoles
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Linköping University, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8357-0276
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Institutionen för lingvistik, Avdelningen för allmän språkvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0840-1357
Stockholms universitet, Humanistiska fakulteten, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning. Linköping University, Sweden.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9750-5835
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Language Dynamics and Change, ISSN 2210-5824, E-ISSN 2210-5832, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Various theories have been proposed regarding the origin of creole languages. Describing a process where only the end result is documented involves several methodological difficulties. In this paper we try to address some of the issues by using a novel mathematical model together with detailed empirical data on the origin and structure of Mauritian Creole. Our main focus is on whether Mauritian Creole may have originated only from a mutual desire to communicate, without a target language or prestige bias. Our conclusions are affirmative. With a confirmation bias towards learning from successful communication, the model predicts Mauritian Creole better than any of the input languages, including the lexifier French, thus providing a compelling and specific hypothetical model of how creoles emerge. The results also show that it may be possible for a creole to develop quickly after first contact, and that it was created mostly from material found in the input languages, but without inheriting their morphology.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 1-51
Emneord [en]
Creoles, Pidgins, Cultural Evolution, Mathematical Modelling, Simulation
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
allmän språkvetenskap; matematik; sociologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-115822DOI: 10.1163/22105832-00501005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-115822DiVA, id: diva2:800227
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research CouncilEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 324233Riksbankens JubileumsfondTilgjengelig fra: 2015-04-02 Laget: 2015-04-02 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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