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Religion, ethnicity and citizenship: demands for territorial self-determination in southern Kaduna, Nigeria
Stockholms universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen.
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal for Contemporary African Studies, ISSN 0258-9001, E-ISSN 1469-9397, Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 232-250Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the ‘politics of scale’ of how identity is linked to territory in the quest for self-determination by actors on the Christian side of the ethno-religious conflict in Kaduna State, Nigeria. Ethnic and political relations are framed with reference to scale, such as ‘the local’ and ‘the regional’, in ways that support claims for territorial control on an ethnic and religious basis. The experience of lack of access to the state is seen to be grounded in community identities. Furthermore, the state relates to citizens through religious and neo-customary authorities as a way to localise authority. This is connected to an idea that neo-customary institutions represent ‘the local’. It is argued in this article that these institutions are just as entangled in various constructions of scale as the state.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2015. Vol. 33, nr 2, s. 232-250
Nyckelord [en]
conflict, ethnicity, identity, scale, territory, Nigeria
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-120318DOI: 10.1080/02589001.2015.1066081OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-120318DiVA, id: diva2:851626
Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-07 Skapad: 2015-09-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-23Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Placing Conflict: Religion and politics in Kaduna State, Nigeria
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Placing Conflict: Religion and politics in Kaduna State, Nigeria
2015 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Decentralisation and federalism are often said to mitigate conflict by better meeting the preferences of a heterogeneous population and demands for limited autonomy. But it is argued in this thesis that this perspective does not sufficiently address the ways in which conflict-ridden relations entangle processes across different scales ‒ local, regional as well as national. The aim of this thesis is to explain how it is that while decentralisation may contribute to national stability, it may simultaneously generate local conflict. This problem is analysed through a conflict in Kaduna State in north-central Nigeria where there have been outbreaks of violence between Hausa-Fulani Muslims and Christians of different ethnicities since the 1980s. Christian ethnic groups claim to be excluded from state benefits, while Muslim groups claim that Christians have undue influence over the state bureaucracy. The conflict feeds off ethnic and religious mobilisation. Expanded local political space further fuelled the conflict following the decentralisation that came with the shift from military to civilian rule in 1999. Decentralisation in Nigeria implies that the authorities should be associated with the majority ethnicity or religion in a specific territory. A localisation of politics accordingly raises the stakes in identity-based conflicts, especially as control of local institutions is necessary for inclusion in wider political processes. In Kaduna, this has led to demands for separating the state on a religious and ethnic basis. Actors make use of “scalar politics” to conform to or challenge boundaries set by the state. Social relations are associated with different boundaries.  Accordingly, decentralisation triggers conflicts on an identity basis, involving contestation over the hierarchy of scales. While national struggles between ethnic and religious groups may be subdued, conflicts play out locally as decentralisation in Nigeria makes religion and ethnicity a powerful tool for political mobilisation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Department of Political Science, Stockholm University, 2015. s. 83
Serie
Stockholm studies in politics, ISSN 0346-6620 ; 164
Nyckelord
conflict, decentralisation, ethnic conflict, ethnicity, federalism, identity, Nigeria, religion, religious conflict, scale, territory
Nationell ämneskategori
Statsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
statsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-120386 (URN)978-91-7649-233-8 (ISBN)
Disputation
2015-10-20, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript.

Tillgänglig från: 2015-09-28 Skapad: 2015-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-02-23Bibliografiskt granskad

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Angerbrandt, Henrik

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Totalt: 251 träffar
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