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Quantization of the superconducting energy gap in an intense microwave field
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
Stockholms universitet, Naturvetenskapliga fakulteten, Fysikum.
Rekke forfattare: 22015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 92, nr 17, artikkel-id 174506Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

We study experimentally photon-assisted tunneling in Nb/AlOx/Nb Josephson junctions. We perform a quantitative calibration of the microwave field inside the junction. This allows direct verification of the quantum efficiency of microwave photon detection, which corresponds to tunneling of one electron per one absorbed microwave photon. We observe that voltages of photon-assisted tunneling steps vary both with the microwave power and the tunneling current. However, this variation is not monotonous but staircaselike. The phenomenon is caused by mutual locking of positive and negative step series. A similar locking is observed with Shapiro steps. As a result, the superconducting gap assumes quantized values equal to multiples of the quarter of the photon energy. The quantization is a manifestation of nonequilibrium tuning (suppression or enhancement) of superconductivity by the microwave field.

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2015. Vol. 92, nr 17, artikkel-id 174506
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-124184DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.174506ISI: 000364013400003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84948436622OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-124184DiVA, id: diva2:883221
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-12-16 Laget: 2015-12-15 Sist oppdatert: 2022-10-14bibliografisk kontrollert

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Boris, Andrey A.Krasnov, Vladimir M.

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