Colossal dielectric performance of pure barium titanate ceramics consolidated by spark plasma sintering
Number of Authors: 11
2016 (English)In: RSC Advances, ISSN 2046-2069, E-ISSN 2046-2069, Vol. 6, no 79, 75422-75429 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A facile sol-gel-hydrothermal method was developed to prepare well-dispersed BaTiO3 (BT) nanocrystals with a size of about 20 nm. By using such nanopowder, dense BT nanoceramics were densified via spark plasma sintering (SPS). Dielectric measurements reveal that pure BT nanoceramics have an extremely high permittivity up to 6 x 10(4) and a low dielectric loss. On the basis of microstructure characterization and dielectric measurement, it was proposed that the polaron dipoles configured by oxygen vacancies and Ti3+ cations within the grains could contribute to the colossal dielectric permittivity of the ceramics. By using the thermally activated polaron hopping model, a large activation energy EA has been determined (0.135 eV) below the Curie temperature, possibly due to the coupling of polaron dipoles and intrinsic ferroelectric dipoles. This simple method offers the possibility to produce pure BT nanoceramics with a colossal permittivity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 6, no 79, 75422-75429 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134250DOI: 10.1039/c6ra14741kISI: 000381513800051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-134250DiVA: diva2:1019226