Growth Retardation and Altered Isotope Composition As Delayed Effects of PCB Exposure in Daphnia magna
Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 50, no 15, 8296-8304 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Trophic magnification factor (TMF) analysis employs stable isotope signatures to derive biomagnification potential for environmental contaminants. This approach relies on species delta N-15 values aligning with their trophic position (TP). This, however, may not always be true, because toxic exposure can alter growth and isotope allocation patterns. Here, effects of PCB exposure (mixture of PCB18, PCB40, PCB128, and PCB209) on delta N-15 and delta C-13 as well as processes driving these effects were explored using the cladoceran Daphnia magna. A two-part experiment assessed effects of toxic exposure during and after exposure; juvenile daphnids were exposed during 3 days (accumulation phase) and then allowed to depurate for 4 days (depuration phase). No effects on survival, growth, carbon and nitrogen content, and stable isotope composition were observed after the accumulation phase, whereas significant changes were detected in adults after the depuration phase. In particular, a significantly lower nitrogen content and a growth inhibition were observed, with a concomitant increase in delta N-15 (+0.1 parts per thousand) and decrease in delta C-13 (-0.1 parts per thousand). Although of low magnitude, these changes followed the predicted direction indicating that sublethal effects of contaminant exposure can lead to overestimation of TP and hence underestimated TMF.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 50, no 15, 8296-8304 p.
Environmental Engineering Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134442DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b01731ISI: 000381063200042PubMedID: 27367056OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-134442DiVA: diva2:1033871