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The genome-scale DNA-binding profile of BarR, a beta-alanine responsive transcription factor in the archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biosciences, The Wenner-Gren Institute.
Number of Authors: 4
2016 (English)In: BMC Genomics, ISSN 1471-2164, E-ISSN 1471-2164, Vol. 17, 569Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: The Leucine-responsive Regulatory Protein (Lrp) family is a widespread family of regulatory transcription factors in prokaryotes. BarR is an Lrp-like transcription factor in the model archaeon Sulfolobus acidocaldarius that activates the expression of a beta-alanine aminotransferase gene, which is involved in beta-alanine degradation. In contrast to classical Lrp-like transcription factors, BarR is not responsive to any of the alpha-amino acids but interacts specifically with beta-alanine. Besides the juxtaposed beta-alanine aminotransferase gene, other regulatory targets of BarR have not yet been identified although beta-alanine is the precursor of coenzyme A and thus an important central metabolite. The aim of this study is to extend the knowledge of the DNA-binding characteristics of BarR and of its corresponding regulon from a local to a genome-wide perspective. Results: We characterized the genome-wide binding profile of BarR using chromatin immunoprecipation combined with high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq). This revealed 21 genomic binding loci. High-enrichment binding regions were validated to interact with purified BarR protein in vitro using electrophoretic mobility shift assays and almost all targets were also shown to harbour a conserved semi-palindromic binding motif. Only a small subset of enriched genomic sites are located in intergenic regions at a relative short distance to a promoter, and qRT-PCR analysis demonstrated that only one additional operon is under activation of BarR, namely the glutamine synthase operon. The latter is also a target of other Lrp-like transcription factors. Detailed inspection of the BarR ChIP-seq profile at the beta-alanine aminotransferase promoter region in combination with binding motif predictions indicate that the operator structure is more complicated than previously anticipated, consisting of multiple (major and auxiliary) operators. Conclusions: BarR has a limited regulon, and includes also glutamine synthase genes besides the previously characterized beta-alanine aminotransferase. Regulation of glutamine synthase is suggestive of a link between beta-alanine and alpha-amino acid metabolism in S. acidocaldarius. Furthermore, this work reveals that the BarR regulon overlaps with that of other Lrp-like regulators.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 17, 569
Keyword [en]
beta-alanine, Sulfolobus, Leucine-responsive regulatory protein, Transcription regulation, ChIP-seq
National Category
Environmental Biotechnology Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134437DOI: 10.1186/s12864-016-2890-0ISI: 000381226100009PubMedID: 27502941OAI: diva2:1034079
Available from: 2016-10-11 Created: 2016-10-06 Last updated: 2016-10-11Bibliographically approved

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Wang, KunLindås, Ann-Christin
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