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Gambling Motives in a Representative Swedish Sample of Risk Gamblers
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology, Clinical psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs (SoRAD).
2016 (English)In: Journal of Gambling Studies, ISSN 1050-5350, E-ISSN 1573-3602, Vol. 32, no 4, 1231-1241 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Motives for gambling have been shown to be associated with gambling involvement, and hence important in the understanding of the etiology of problem gambling. The aim of this study was to describe differences in gambling motives in different subgroups of lifetime risk gamblers, categorized by: age, gender, alcohol- and drug habits and type of game preferred, when considering the level of risk gambling. A random Swedish sample (n = 19,530) was screened for risk gambling, using the Lie/Bet questionnaire. The study sample (n = 257) consisted of the respondents screening positive on Lie/Bet and completing a postal questionnaire about gambling and motives for gambling (measured with the NODS-PERC and the RGQ respectively). When considering the level of risk gambling, motives for gambling were not associated with gender, whereas younger persons gambled for the challenge more often than did older participants. Card/Casino and Sport gamblers played to a greater extent for social and challenge reasons then did Lotto/Bingo-gamblers. EGM-gamblers played more for coping reasons than did Lotto/Bingo gamblers. However, this association turned non-significant when considering the level of risk gambling. Moderate risk gamblers played for the challenge and coping reasons to a greater extent than low risk gamblers motives for gambling differ across subgroups of preferred game and between gamblers with low and moderate risk. The level of risk gambling is intertwined with motives for gambling and should be considered when examining gambling reasons.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 32, no 4, 1231-1241 p.
Keyword [en]
gambling, gambling motives, motives for gambling, problem gambling, risk gambling
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134612DOI: 10.1007/s10899-016-9607-9ISI: 000387615100013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-134612DiVA: diva2:1034611
Available from: 2016-10-12 Created: 2016-10-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Beyond Recreational Gambling: a Psychological Perspective on Risk- and Problem Gambling
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Beyond Recreational Gambling: a Psychological Perspective on Risk- and Problem Gambling
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The general aim of this thesis was to examine risk gambling in the general population from a psychological perspective. This was done in three studies targeting personality, risky alcohol habits and gambling motives, respectively. Initially, 19 530 randomly assigned Swedish citizens were screened for problem gambling via telephone using the two questions in the Lie/Bet questionnaire. This sample constitutes the basis for one of the studies in the thesis. For the other studies, individuals answering yes to one of the questions in the Lie/Bet questionnaire and agreeing to participate further were sent a postal questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions about gambling, personality and gambling motives.

 

Some of the main results showed that:

  • Negative consequences of gambling were associated with higher levels of impulsivity and negative affectivity.
  • Risk gamblers reported lower levels of negative affectivity compared to the general population.
  • Compared to non-risk gamblers, twice as many of the risk gamblers reported weekly binge drinking during the past 12 months. This association, however, seemed to be explained by shared demographic characteristics, rather than by the risk gambling causing binge drinking.
  • High risk gamblers more often reported that they gambled for the challenge and for coping reasons, compared to low risk gamblers.
  • High risk gamblers had overall stronger motives for gambling.
  • The results also indicated that the level of risk gambling was highly intertwined with gambling motives and could explain some differences in gambling motives between, for example, women/men and younger/older gamblers.

One of the focal points in the discussion was that higher levels of negative affectivity may be a cause of elevated problems rather than a cause of risk gambling. Another issue discussed was that the level of risk- /problem gambling may be important to consider when comparing gambling motives across subgroups of gamblers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2016. 83 p.
Keyword
risk gambling, problem gambling, gambling motives, personality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134623 (URN)978-91-7649-539-1 (ISBN)978-91-7649-540-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-12-02, David Magnussonsalen (U31), Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-11-09 Created: 2016-10-12 Last updated: 2017-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Sundqvist, KristinaJonsson, JakobWennberg, Peter
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