Comparing temporal trends of organochlorines in guil-lemot eggs and Baltic herring: Advantages and disadvantages for se-lecting sentinel species for environmental monitoring
2014 (English)In: Marine Environmental Research, ISSN 0141-1136, E-ISSN 1879-0291, Vol. 100, 38-47 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Within Europe, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) is aimed at addressing the chemical status and quality of the marine environment. One of the main goals is to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) in the marine environment. Environmental monitoring of biota e.g., Baltic herring and guillemot eggs, is conducted annually in Sweden to follow temporal changes in environmental contaminants. To determine the suitability of guillemot eggs as a sentinel species for investigating GES, we compared temporal trends of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in these two species from single sampling sites within Sweden.
Lipid content from guillemot eggs was consistently high and stable (yearly mean for >40 years, ∼12%) compared to that of herring (yearly mean for >20 years, ∼3%). A significant decreasing trend of ΣPCDD/F in TEQ WHO1998 was observed in guillemot eggs, but no trend was seen in herring. CB118 significantly decreased in both species, but in the last 10 years this decrease was not significant in herring. A number of advantages, such as high lipid content in the egg and a low coefficient of variation make guillemot suitable as a sentinel species. The advantages and disadvantages of using either guillemot eggs or Baltic herring are compared.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 100, 38-47 p.
Baltic Sea, Clupea harengus, Dioxins, Ecotoxicology, Guillemot eggs, Herring, Pollution monitoring, Seabirds, Sentinel species, Uria aalge
Chemical Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Research subject Environmental Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134690DOI: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2014.02.007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-134690DiVA: diva2:1037402