Variations in glacial and interglacial marine conditions over the last two glacial cycles off northern Greenland
Number of Authors: 10
2016 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, E-ISSN 1873-457X, Vol. 147, no SI, 164-177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Five sediment cores from the Lomonosov Ridge and the Morris Jesup Rise north of Greenland show the history of sea-ice coverage and primary productivity over the last two glacial cycles. Variations in Manganese content, benthic and planktonic foraminifera, bioturbation, and trace fossil diversity are interpreted to reflect differences in sea-ice cover and sediment depositional conditions between the identified interglacials. Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 1 and MIS 2 are represented by thin (<< 5 cm) sediment units while the preceding interglacial MIS 5 and glacial MIS 6 are characterized by thick (10 -20 cm) deposits. Foraminiferal abundances and bioturbation suggest that MIS 1 was generally characterized by severe sea-ice conditions north of Greenland while MISS appears to have been considerably warmer with more open water, higher primary productivity, and higher sedimentation rates. Strengthened flow of Atlantic water along the northern continental shelf of Greenland rather than development of local polynyas is here suggested as a likely cause for the relatively warmer marine conditions during MIS 5 compared to MIS 1. The cores also suggest distinct differences between the glacial intervals MIS 2 and MIS 6. While MIS 6 is distinguished by a relatively thick sediment unit poor in foraminifera and with low Mn values, MIS 2 is practically missing. We speculate that this could be the effect from a paleocrystic sea-ice cover north of Greenland during MIS 2 that prevented sediment delivery from sea ice and icebergs. In contrast, the thick sequence deposited during MIS 6 indicates a longer glacial period with dynamic intervals characterized by huge drifting icebergs delivering ice rafted debris (IRD). A drastic shift from thinner sedimentary cycles where interglacial sediment parameters indicate more severe sea-ice conditions gave way to larger amplitude cycles with more open water indicators was observed around the boundary between MIS 7/8. This shift is in agreement with a sedimentary regime shift previously identified in the Eurasian Basin and may be an indicator for the growth of larger ice sheets on the Eurasian landmass during the penultimate glacial period.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 147, no SI, 164-177 p.
Arctic Ocean, Sea ice, Interglacial, Glacial, Manganese, Bioturbation
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-134396DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.10.035ISI: 000382409500011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-134396DiVA: diva2:1040030
2nd International Conference of the Palaeo-Arctic-Spatial-and-Temporal-Gateways-Network (PAST Gateways), Trieste, Italy, 2014