Microbial dinitrogen fixation in coral holobionts exposed to thermal stress and bleaching
Number of Authors: 7
2016 (English)In: Environmental Microbiology, ISSN 1462-2912, E-ISSN 1462-2920, Vol. 18, no 8, 2620-2633 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Coral holobionts (i.e., coral-algal-prokaryote symbioses) exhibit dissimilar thermal sensitivities that may determine which coral species will adapt to global warming. Nonetheless, studies simultaneously investigating the effects of warming on all holobiont members are lacking. Here we show that exposure to increased temperature affects key physiological traits of all members (herein: animal host, zooxanthellae and diazotrophs) of both Stylophora pistillata and Acropora hemprichii during and after thermal stress. S. pistillata experienced severe loss of zooxanthellae (i.e., bleaching) with no net photosynthesis at the end of the experiment. Conversely, A. hemprichii was more resilient to thermal stress. Exposure to increased temperature (+ 6 degrees C) resulted in a drastic increase in daylight dinitrogen (N-2) fixation, particularly in A. hemprichii (threefold compared with controls). After the temperature was reduced again to in situ levels, diazotrophs exhibited a reversed diel pattern of activity, with increased N-2 fixation rates recorded only in the dark, particularly in bleached S. pistillata (twofold compared to controls). Concurrently, both animal hosts, but particularly bleached S. pistillata, reduced both organic matter release and heterotrophic feeding on picoplankton. Our findings indicate that physiological plasticity by coral-associated diazotrophs may play an important role in determining the response of coral holobionts to ocean warming.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 18, no 8, 2620-2633 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135124DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.13385ISI: 000383388800030PubMedID: 27234003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-135124DiVA: diva2:1044092