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Magma plumbing for the 2014-2015 Holuhraun eruption, Iceland
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geological Sciences. Uppsala University, Sweden.
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Number of Authors: 9
2016 (English)In: Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, ISSN 1525-2027, E-ISSN 1525-2027, Vol. 17, no 8, 2953-2968 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The 2014-2015 Holuhraun eruption on Iceland was located within the Askja fissure swarm but was accompanied by caldera subsidence in the Baroarbunga central volcano 45 km to the southwest. Geophysical monitoring of the eruption identified a seismic swarm that migrated from Baroarbunga to the Holuhraun eruption site over the course of two weeks. In order to better understand this lateral connection between Baroarbunga and Holuhraun, we present mineral textures and compositions, mineral-melt-equilibrium calculations, whole rock and trace element data, and oxygen isotope ratios for selected Holuhraun samples. The Holuhraun lavas are compositionally similar to recorded historical eruptions from the Baroarbunga volcanic system but are distinct from the historical eruption products of the nearby Askja system. Thermobarometry calculations indicate a polybaric magma plumbing system for the Holuhraun eruption, wherein clinopyroxene and plagioclase crystallized at average depths of approximate to 17 km and approximate to 5 km, respectively. Crystal resorption textures and oxygen isotope variations imply that this multilevel plumbing system facilitated magma mixing and assimilation of low-O-18 Icelandic crust prior to eruption. In conjunction with the existing geophysical evidence for lateral migration, our results support a model of initial vertical magma ascent within the Baroarbunga plumbing system followed by lateral transport of aggregated magma batches within the upper crust to the Holuhraun eruption site.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 17, no 8, 2953-2968 p.
Keyword [en]
2014-2015 Holuhraun (Flaeoahraun or Nornahraun) eruption, magma plumbing system, lateral magma transport, Icelandic volcanism, rifting episode, fissure eruption
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135118DOI: 10.1002/2016GC006317ISI: 000384808200001OAI: diva2:1044258
Available from: 2016-11-02 Created: 2016-10-31 Last updated: 2016-11-02Bibliographically approved

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