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Destructive gear use in a tropical fishery: Institutional factors influencing the willingness-and capacity to change
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
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Number of Authors: 7
2016 (English)In: Marine Policy, ISSN 0308-597X, E-ISSN 1872-9460, Vol. 72, 199-210 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to empirically assess institutional aspects shaping fishers' behavior leading to unsustainable resource use, by using the example of destructive drag-net fishing in Zanzibar, Tanzania. A broad institutional approach was used to specifically assess institutional factors influencing the fishers' reasons for the current use of destructive drag-nets as well as their willingness- and economic capacity to change to less destructive gears. Different regulative, normative, cultural-cognitive and economic factors (tradition, group-belonging, social acceptance, common practice, identity of drag-net users and weak economic capacity) were identified as critical elements influencing the current use of destructive gears, as well as obstructing changes to other gears. Hence, the importance of addressing all of these factors, matching to the different contexts, rather than focusing on fast-moving regulative measures, is emphasized to increase chances of management success. More promising approaches would be resource allocations to more sustainable fishing gears, well-managed gear exchange programs, as well as alterations of slow-moving normative and cultural factors, e.g. awareness raising on the advantages of more sustainable fishing gears, their traditional and cultural values, information on the actual income they generate, as well as education and an exchange of traditional knowledge on how to use them.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 72, 199-210 p.
Keyword [en]
Destructive fishing gear, Institutions, Small-scale fisheries, Gear exchange, Fisheries management
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Agricultural Science, Forestry and Fisheries Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135237DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2016.07.001ISI: 000383821500021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-135237DiVA: diva2:1045696
Available from: 2016-11-10 Created: 2016-11-01 Last updated: 2016-11-10Bibliographically approved

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Wallner-Hahn, SieglindEklöf, Johan S.de la Torre-Castro, Maricela
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Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant SciencesDepartment of Physical GeographyStockholm Resilience Centre
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Marine Policy
Earth and Related Environmental SciencesAgricultural Science, Forestry and FisheriesSocial Sciences Interdisciplinary

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