Are We All in the Same Boat?: The Role of Perceptual Distance in Organizational Health Interventions
2016 (English)In: Stress and Health, ISSN 1532-3005, E-ISSN 1532-2998, Vol. 32, no 4, 294-303 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The study investigates how agreement between leaders' and their team's perceptions influence intervention outcomes in a leadership-training intervention aimed at improving organizational learning. Agreement, i.e. perceptual distance was calculated for the organizational learning dimensions at baseline. Changes in the dimensions from pre-intervention to post-intervention were evaluated using polynomial regression analysis with response surface analysis. The general pattern of the results indicated that the organizational learning improved when leaders and their teams agreed on the level of organizational learning prior to the intervention. The improvement was greatest when the leader's and the team's perceptions at baseline were aligned and high rather than aligned and low. The least beneficial scenario was when the leader's perceptions were higher than the team's perceptions. These results give insights into the importance of comparing leaders' and their team's perceptions in intervention research. Polynomial regression analyses with response surface methodology allow three-dimensional examination of relationship between two predictor variables and an outcome. This contributes with knowledge on how combination of predictor variables may affect outcome and allows studies of potential non-linearity relating to the outcome. Future studies could use these methods in process evaluation of interventions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2016. Vol. 32, no 4, 294-303 p.
organizational health, intervention, perceptual distance
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135681DOI: 10.1002/smi.2703OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-135681DiVA: diva2:1047755
This work was supported by The Joint Committee for Nordic research councils in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NOS-HS) [grant 219610/F10], ERA-AGE2, (FLARE)/Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research through a post doc position awarded to Henna Hasson [grant 2010-1849] and Vinnvård, through a fellowship in Improvement Science awarded to Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz [grant VF13-008].2016-11-182016-11-182016-11-18