Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Pesticide Use and Self-Reported Health Symptoms Among Rice Farmers in Zanzibar
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences.
Show others and affiliations
Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: Journal of Agromedicine, ISSN 1059-924X, E-ISSN 1545-0813, Vol. 21, no 4, 335-344 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The agrarian population in low- and middle-income countries suffers from a number of adverse health effects due to pesticide exposure. In Zanzibar, the government subsidizes pesticides to enhance local rice production. The objectives of this study were to assess Zanzibar smallholder rice farmers' pesticide use and self-reported health symptoms in relation to pesticide exposure, training, and use of protective measures and to raise awareness for future local policy formulation. An exploratory cross-sectional interviewer-administered study was conducted among 99 rice farmers. Participants were selected based on convenience sampling and stratified by expected exposure category. The study participants reported using pesticides in World Health Organization (WHO) Class II. Of pesticide users, 61% reported one or more symptoms of possible acute pesticide poisoning. Only 50% of pesticide users had received training in safe handling and application of pesticides, but those who had displayed a higher use of protective measures. Farmers who did not use protective measures were more likely to have reported skin irritation and headache, which, together with eye irritation, were the most commonly reported acute symptoms. The main sociodemographic differences between the expected exposure categories of pesticide users and nonusers were in gender and education level. Scaling up of training in safe handling and application of pesticides is needed. Further studies are required to better understand the mechanisms behind the choice to use pesticides or not.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 21, no 4, 335-344 p.
Keyword [en]
Agricultural workers, chemical safety measures, pesticides
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-135084DOI: 10.1080/1059924X.2016.1211572ISI: 000384122700005PubMedID: 27439957OAI: diva2:1048984
Available from: 2016-11-23 Created: 2016-10-31 Last updated: 2016-11-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stadlinger, Nadja
By organisation
Department of Ecology, Environment and Plant Sciences
In the same journal
Journal of Agromedicine
Environmental Health and Occupational Health

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 5 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link