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Parasite stress and pathogen avoidance relate to distinct dimensions of political ideology across 30 nations
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution. University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom.
Number of Authors: 42
2016 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 113, no 44, 12408-12413 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

People who are more avoidant of pathogens are more politically conservative, as are nations with greater parasite stress. In the current research, we test two prominent hypotheses that have been proposed as explanations for these relationships. The first, which is an intragroup account, holds that these relationships between pathogens and politics are based on motivations to adhere to local norms, which are sometimes shaped by cultural evolution to have pathogen-neutralizing properties. The second, which is an intergroup account, holds that these same relationships are based on motivations to avoid contact with outgroups, who might pose greater infectious disease threats than ingroup members. Results from a study surveying 11,501 participants across 30 nations are more consistent with the intragroup account than with the intergroup account. National parasite stress relates to traditionalism (an aspect of conservatism especially related to adherence to group norms) but not to social dominance orientation (SDO; an aspect of conservatism especially related to endorsements of intergroup barriers and negativity toward ethnic and racial outgroups). Further, individual differences in pathogen-avoidance motives (i.e., disgust sensitivity) relate more strongly to traditionalism than to SDO within the 30 nations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 113, no 44, 12408-12413 p.
Keyword [en]
political ideology, pathogens, disgust, culture, evolutionary psychology
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Sociology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136120DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1607398113ISI: 000386608200041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136120DiVA: diva2:1050604
Available from: 2016-11-29 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2016-12-01Bibliographically approved

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De Barra, Micheal
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Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution
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