Since the late-1980s, populist radical Right parties have established themselves in the party systems of several Western, Central and Eastern European democracies, in some cases even temporarily partaking in governing coalitions (Delwit and Poirier 2007). They are present throughout Europe, from the French National Front (Front National, FN), and the (True) Finns (Party) (Perussuomalaiset, PS/Sannfinländarna, SF), to the Hungarian Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom, Jobbik) and, in the context of the economic and financial crisis, the Greek Golden Dawn (Xρυσή Aυγή, GD). The European Parliament elections of 2014 confirmed the electoral success of these Eurosceptic parties, though their impact on the European political agenda remains to be assessed. They ply protectionist ‘national-populism’, which can also take the form of separatist regionalism as with the Flemish Interest (Vlaams Belang, VB) in Belgium.
Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. 251-269 p.