Conditional estimation in two-stage adaptive designs
(English)In: Biometrics, ISSN 0006-341X, E-ISSN 1541-0420Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
We consider conditional estimation in two-stage sample size adjustable designs and the consequent bias. More specifically, we consider a design which permits raising the sample size when interim results look rather promising, and which retains the originally planned sample size when results look very promising. The estimation procedures reported comprise the unconditional maximum likelihood, the conditionally unbiased Rao-Blackwell estimator, the conditional median unbiased estimator, and the conditional maximum likelihood with and without bias correction. We compare these estimators based on analytical results and a simulation study. We show how they can be applied in a real clinical trial setting.
Probability Theory and Statistics
Research subject Statistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136195OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136195DiVA: diva2:1051028