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Trajectories of economic, work- and health-related disadvantage and subsequent mortality risk: Findings from the 1953 Stockholm Birth Cohort
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS). Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
2017 (English)In: Advances in Life Course Research, ISSN 1569-4909, E-ISSN 1879-6974, Vol. 31, 57-67 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To experience difficulties such as poverty, joblessness, or mental disease, may not only impair one’s current life situation but could also involve increased later-life mortality risks. Although various types of disadvantage often are interrelated, little attention has been paid to the multifaceted interplay between disadvantages and subsequent mortality. We extended the current research by (1) identifying life-course trajectories of economic, work- and health-related disadvantage, and (2) assessing relative mortality risks for different life-course trajectories. The disadvantages included were unemployment, social assistance recipiency, and severe mental illness in 1992–1999, whereas the follow-up of all-cause mortality covered the years 2000–2008.

Results based on the Stockholm Birth Cohort study of individuals born 1953, utilizing (1) sequence and (2) survival analyses, revealed seven life-course trajectories of disadvantage, some of which were related to elevated mortality risks. In particular, life courses characterized by persistent and coexisting disadvantages during the 1990s were associated with comparably higher mortality in the 2000s. Conversely, temporary disadvantage, even if characterized by high intensity and/or combined with other difficulties, was not associated with increased mortality risks. To pay simultaneous attention to different types of disadvantages, as well as the routes in and out of them, is thus central for understanding inequalities in mortality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. Vol. 31, 57-67 p.
Keyword [en]
Unemployment, Social assistance, Mental health, Sequence analysis, Life-course trajectories, Mortality
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136385DOI: 10.1016/j.alcr.2016.10.002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136385DiVA: diva2:1052262
Available from: 2016-12-06 Created: 2016-12-06 Last updated: 2017-01-17Bibliographically approved

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Torssander, JennyAlmquist B, Ylva
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