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An Exploration of Human Well-Being Bundles as Identifiers of Ecosystem Service Use Patterns
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa.
Number of Authors: 3
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 10, e0163476Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We take a social-ecological systems perspective to investigate the linkages between ecosystem services and human well-being in South Africa. A recent paper identified different types of social-ecological systems in the country, based on distinct bundles of ecosystem service use. These system types were found to represent increasingly weak direct feed-backs between nature and people, from rural green-loop communities to urban red-loop societies. Here we construct human well-being bundles and explore whether the well-being bundles can be used to identify the same social-ecological system types that were identified using bundles of ecosystem service use. Based on national census data, we found three distinct well-being bundle types that are mainly characterized by differences in income, unemployment and property ownership. The distribution of these well-being bundles approximates the distribution of ecosystem service use bundles to a substantial degree: High levels of income and education generally coincided with areas characterised by low levels of direct ecosystem service use (or red-loop systems), while the majority of low well-being areas coincided with medium and high levels of direct ecosystem service use (or transition and green-loop systems). However, our results indicate that transformations from green-loop to red-loop systems do not always entail an immediate improvement in well-being, which we suggest may be due to a time lag between changes in the different system components. Using human well-being bundles as an indicator of social-ecological dynamics may be useful in other contexts since it is based on socio-economic data commonly collected by governments, and provides important insights into the connections between ecosystem services and human well-being at policy-relevant sub-national scales.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, no 10, e0163476
National Category
Other Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136080DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0163476ISI: 000385553100034PubMedID: 27695120OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136080DiVA: diva2:1056297
Available from: 2016-12-14 Created: 2016-11-29 Last updated: 2016-12-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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