Following in Real Time the Two-Step Assembly of Nanoparticles into Mesocrystals in Levitating Drops
Number of Authors: 5
2016 (English)In: Nano letters (Print), ISSN 1530-6984, E-ISSN 1530-6992, Vol. 16, no 11, 6838-6843 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mesocrystals composed of crystallographically aligned nanocrystals are present in biominerals and assembled materials which show strongly directional properties of importance for mechanical protection and functional devices. Mesocrystals are commonly formed by complex biomineralization processes and can also be generated by assembly of anisotropic nanocrystals. Here, we follow the evaporation-induced assembly of maghemite nanocubes into mesocrystals in real time in levitating drops. Analysis of time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering data and ex situ scanning electron microscopy together with interparticle potential calculations show that the substrate-free, particle-mediated crystallization process proceeds in two stages involving the formation and rapid transformation of a dense, structurally disordered phase into ordered mesocrystals. Controlling and tailoring the particle-mediated formation of mesocrystals could be utilized to assemble designed nanoparticles into new materials with unique functions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 16, no 11, 6838-6843 p.
Mesocrystal, anisotropic nanoparticles, SAXS, two-step crystallization, acoustic levitation
Chemical Sciences Nano Technology Materials Engineering Physical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136757DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b02586ISI: 000387625000019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136757DiVA: diva2:1056372