Modeling the thermodynamics and kinetics of sulfuric acid-dimethylamine-water nanoparticle growth in the CLOUD chamber
Number of Authors: 31
2016 (English)In: Aerosol Science and Technology, ISSN 0278-6826, E-ISSN 1521-7388, Vol. 50, no 10, 1017-1032 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dimethylamine (DMA) has a stabilizing effect on sulfuric acid (SA) clusters, and the SA and DMA molecules and clusters likely play important roles in both aerosol particle formation and growth in the atmosphere. We use the monodisperse particle growth model for acid-base chemistry in nanoparticle growth (MABNAG) together with direct and indirect observations from the CLOUD4 and CLOUD7 experiments in the cosmics leaving outdoor droplets (CLOUD) chamber at CERN to investigate the size and composition evolution of freshly formed particles consisting of SA, DMA, and water as they grow to 20nm in dry diameter. Hygroscopic growth factors are measured using a nano-hygroscopicity tandem differential mobility analyzer (nano-HTDMA), which combined with simulations of particle water uptake using the thermodynamic extended-aerosol inorganics model (E-AIM) constrain the chemical composition. MABNAG predicts a particle-phase ratio between DMA and SA molecules of 1.1-1.3 for a 2nm particle and DMA gas-phase mixing ratios between 3.5 and 80 pptv. These ratios agree well with observations by an atmospheric-pressure interface time-of-flight (APi-TOF) mass spectrometer. Simulations with MABNAG, direct observations of the composition of clusters <2nm, and indirect observations of the particle composition indicate that the acidity of the nucleated particles decreases as they grow from approximate to 1 to 20nm. However, MABNAG predicts less acidic particles than suggested by the indirect estimates at 10nm diameter using the nano-HTDMA measurements, and less acidic particles than observed by a thermal desorption chemical ionization mass spectrometer (TDCIMS) at 10-30nm. Possible explanations for these discrepancies are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 50, no 10, 1017-1032 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136228DOI: 10.1080/02786826.2016.1223268ISI: 000386209700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136228DiVA: diva2:1056659