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The fossil episode
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute for International Economic Studies.
Number of Authors: 2
2016 (English)In: Journal of Monetary Economics, ISSN 0304-3932, E-ISSN 1873-1295, Vol. 83, 14-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Agriculture sector output (biocarbon) is a good substitute for oil in energy production but oil cannot be used as food. This one-way substitutability is analyzed in a dynamic general equilibrium model. It features three endogenous phases: a pure fossil, a mixed fossil and biocarbon and an absorbing biocarbon fuel only phase. In the latter two, the demand for biocarbon as fuel leads to increasing food prices. Depending on how easily capital and labor can reallocate, food prices increase by between 40% and 240%. The model is also used to analyze climate consequences of biocarbon fuel polices and of the shale revolution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 83, 14-26 p.
Keyword [en]
Fossil fuel, Biofuel, Food prices, Climate change, Green paradox
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136934DOI: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2016.08.001ISI: 000387517800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136934DiVA: diva2:1060835
Available from: 2016-12-30 Created: 2016-12-19 Last updated: 2016-12-30Bibliographically approved

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