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Synthesis, Characterization and Unusual Reactivity of Vinylbenziodoxolones-Novel Hypervalent Iodine Reagents
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
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Number of Authors: 6
2016 (English)In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 22, no 45, 16066-16070 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A novel type of hypervalent iodine(III) reagents, vinylbenziodoxolones (VBX), has been synthesized in a one-pot reaction from 2-iodobenzoic acid. VBX is bench stable, has been thoroughly characterized and the cyclic structure is supported by X-ray analysis. The reactivity of VBX was investigated in vinylation of nitrocyclohexane, and delivered vinylated products with opposite regioselectivity compared to acyclic vinyl(aryl) iodonium salts. The reagents could become a powerful tool in vinylation reactions under both metal-free and metal-catalyzed conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 22, no 45, 16066-16070 p.
Keyword [en]
benziodoxolones, hypervalent compounds, structure analysis, synthetic methods, vinylation
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-136921DOI: 10.1002/chem.201603955ISI: 000387132800014PubMedID: 27629653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-136921DiVA: diva2:1061677
Available from: 2017-01-03 Created: 2016-12-19 Last updated: 2017-04-27Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Hypervalent Iodine Reagents in Metal-Free Arylations and Vinylations: Investigation of Suitable Coupling Partners and Synthesis of New Reagents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Hypervalent Iodine Reagents in Metal-Free Arylations and Vinylations: Investigation of Suitable Coupling Partners and Synthesis of New Reagents
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis concerns the development of metal-free reactions to obtain carbon-heteroatom and carbon-carbon bonds. This is achieved by transferring carbon ligands from hypervalent iodine reagents to suitable nucleophiles.

The bulk of the work presented herein concerns arylation of oxygen and nitrogen nucleophiles, using the well-known diaryliodonium salts as aryl sources. In the first project, O-arylation of the oxime ethyl acetohydroxamate was studied. It was found that electron-poor as well as electron-rich aryl moieties could be transferred successfully to this nucleophile. Furthermore, the protocol could be extended to a sequential one-pot synthesis of benzo[b]furans. This method allowed for a fast synthesis of the natural product stemofuran A and formal syntheses of other natural products.

In a successive project, O-arylation of hydroxide and aliphatic alkoxides was investigated. It is known that electron-poor aryl moieties can be transferred to these nucleophiles in moderate to high yields. However, combined with more electron-rich diaryliodonium salts, a large amount of side products were formed. These were suppressed upon addition of aryne traps, suggesting that aryne pathways are competing with the desired ligand coupling. It was also observed that secondary alcohols were oxidized to the corresponding ketones. The mechanism for this oxidation was investigated and aryne pathways could be excluded. Instead we suggest that the carbinol hydrogen gets deprotonated via an internal mechanism, after the alkoxide has coordinated to the iodonium salt. Highly sterically congested alkyl aryl ethers could be obtained in high yields by combining tertiary alcohols with ortho-blocked diaryliodonium salts. 

Next, N-arylation of secondary acyclic amides was studied using acetanilide as the model substrate. This procedure was suitable for transfer of electron-poor as well as ortho-substituted aryl moieties, but attempts to transfer very electron-rich aryl groups were unsuccessful. On the other hand, the amides displayed a complementary reactivity, allowing phenylation of electron-rich amides. 

In the final project, a one-pot synthesis of the cyclic iodonium reagent vinylbenziodoxolone is presented. These compounds have not been explored as reagents earlier. Initial screenings showed that the vinyl moiety could be transferred to nitrocyclohexane with opposite regioselectivity compared to the acyclic analogue of the reagent.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2017. 87 p.
Keyword
Diaryliodonium Salts, Benzofurans, Aryl Ethers, Secondary Amides, Vinylbenziodoxolones
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-141580 (URN)978-91-7649-704-3 (ISBN)978-91-7649-705-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-06-02, Magnélisalen, Kemiska Övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript.

Available from: 2017-05-10 Created: 2017-04-11 Last updated: 2017-05-03Bibliographically approved

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