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Let your imagination go: A study on memory effects in free recall, from a dual-code theory perspective, with focus on imagery in nouns
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of English.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

In the experiment of this study, the participating subjects had to memorize words which belonged to two different word characteristics groups, one group with a high imagery and low concreteness factor and another group with low factors in both characteristics. The aim of this study was to corroborate the already existing findings supporting the Dual-code theory by targeting one of the subsystems which makes up half of the dual-coding sensory input and by showing that the effect imagery level in words has on recalling is prominent even within free recall. The results of this study suggest that recalling abstract words with a high imagery factor is easier than recalling words which are completely abstract. With the support of other research, this reinforces the Dual-code theory, as opposed to its rival theory, the Relational-Distinctiveness Processing theory. To put it more clearly, abstract/low concreteness words with a high imagery factor were more frequent in the group’s overall answers than the abstract words with a low imagery factor, which says that the non-verbal system in our dual-coding system, which deals with memory, allows people to recall words with a high imagery factor more easily than words which are only coded as a verbal code. These results could aid the development of more practice based experiments in a language learning setting.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Dual-Code Theory, Concrete, Abstract, Concreteness, Imagery, Free Recall, Relational Distinctiveness Processing Theory
National Category
Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-138373OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-138373DiVA: diva2:1067014
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Available from: 2017-01-20 Created: 2017-01-20Bibliographically approved

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