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School climate and delinquency – on the significance of the perceived social and learning climate in school for refraining from offending
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Criminology.
2016 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 17, no 2, 110-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

School is regarded as a central arena for crime prevention. This study analyses the effects of student perceptions of school contextual aspects on self-reported offending, using logistic regression with control for clustering effects. The data comprise a census of pupils in year nine in comprehensive school (15 year olds) and in year two of upper secondary school (17 year olds) in the City of Stockholm in 2006, 2008 and 2010 (n = 25,850 of which 47% are boys and 53% are girls). Besides showing that several aspects of students’ perceptions of the school setting have direct protective effects on offending, the study shows that perceiving schoolwork as meaningful appears to moderate the effect of adverse home conditions on delinquency for boys. The only aspect of school investigated in this study that was not significantly related to offending was the perception of classroom order, indicating that emotional support from teachers is more important for crime preventive implications than maintaining order in the classroom. Controlling for clustering effects shows differences in offending between classes and schools that are not produced by differences between the students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 17, no 2, 110-130 p.
Keyword [en]
Delinquency, school, protective factors, crime prevention
National Category
Sociology Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-138706DOI: 10.1080/14043858.2016.1260335OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-138706DiVA: diva2:1068278
Available from: 2017-01-24 Created: 2017-01-24 Last updated: 2017-01-24Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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