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Wpływ inicjatywy prywatnej na rozwój duńskiego systemu teatralnego
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Culture and Aesthetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2577-9538
2016 (Polish)In: System organizacji teatrów w Europie / [ed] Karolina Prykowska-Michalak, Warszawa: Instytut Teatralny im. Zbigniewa Raszewskiego , 2016Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

When The Royal Theatre, Denmark’s first proper national theatre, opened in 1874 in Copenhagen, it was the result of a very complex cultural and political evolution beginning several centuries earlier. At the same time, it marked a significant turning point in Danish theatre history, whereby theatre developed from amateurism to professionalism, from baroque acting style to naturalism, from regionalism to internationalism, and, eventually, from the private initiative to the obligation of the state, marked by another important turning point, the Theatre Act of 1963. Until then, theatre had essentially been a private affair, driven by private interests, largely privately funded – and with broad support from the local population. It was the subject of the authorities’ growing vigilance, though, both politically and morally, and one may describe the Theatres Acts passed before 1963 as controlling and limiting, whereas the new Theatre Act sought to be democratizing, decentralizing and supportive. To understand this development, this chapter takes a look at social actors and structures in identifying the basis for the Danish theatre system from the Enlightenment to the present day, from private initiative to public responsibility (Kjeldstadli, Giddens). Our focus in understanding these changes is the concrete facilities in which the performing arts could unfold: The theatre buildings. The chapter presents the development of the Danish theatre system from a variety of socio-geographic factors previously only to a lesser extent taken into account when the country’s theatrical and cultural histories were written. It is based on a study of the unique theatre construction boom that took place in Denmark from 1874-1914 and reveals furthermore surprising regional cultural differences in, respectively eastern and western Denmark. It is the intention within this context to discuss the sociological mechanisms that control cultural growth by identifying theatrical activities and compare them with the socio-geographical conditions in the country’s different regions. The findings challenge the common perception of Denmark as a country where support for intellectual life has largely been the concern of the state, and where the theatre system is seen as a consequence of cultural policy and decision-making. Furthermore, this article intends to identify the cultural growth drivers in the Danish provinces, and it is obvious that it was the private sector, mainly industrial owners, who with popular support took the initiative to create those structures in the community, which supported social networks – by building theatres to serve as common meeting places. Cultural activities and offerings were not, as one might have expected, resulting from the cultural elite’s initiatives. Private enterprise has historically played a more significant role in the development of the current Danish theatre system than perhaps previously thought. The article draws perspectives of this historic study by finally asking what impact the actors or private initiators might have on the development of structures of today’s theatre system, and to what extent the cultural and other political processes of the 21st century – such as the development of periphery areas – could benefit from a political holistic thinking as well as secure business involvement in efforts to balance the inequality that prevails in the cultural field in the various Danish regions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Warszawa: Instytut Teatralny im. Zbigniewa Raszewskiego , 2016.
Keywords [en]
Danish theatre system, private initiative
Keywords [pl]
Duńskiego systemu teatralnego, inicjatywy prywatnej
National Category
Performing Art Studies
Research subject
Theatre Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-138872ISBN: 978-83-63276-62-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-138872DiVA, id: diva2:1069246
Available from: 2017-01-27 Created: 2017-01-27 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved

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