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Education and Childlessness: The Influence of Educational Field and Educational Level on Childlessness among Swedish and Austrian Women
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8900-8903
2017 (English)In: Childlessness in Europe: Contexts, Causes, and Consequences / [ed] Michaela Kreyenfeld, Dirk Konietzka, Cham: Springer, 2017, p. 183-207Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This article deals with the question of how different institutional structures affect ultimate levels of childlessness. We compare rates of childlessness by educational field and educational level among women born in 1955–1959 in two different welfare states: Austria and Sweden. We find similar patterns of childlessness by educational field in both countries: i.e., women who have been educated to work in the education or health sector have lower rates of childlessness than women who have been educated to work in most other occupational fields. However, rates of childlessness by educational level differ markedly between the two countries: Austrian women with upper-secondary or tertiary education are significantly more likely to be childless than Swedish women with comparable levels of education and Austrian women with lower levels of education. We attribute these differences to the educational systems, the labour market structures, and the family policies of the two countries; which in Sweden promote equality across educational groups, and in Austria create cleavages between educational groups. We conclude with reflections on the implications of our results for demographic research on education and fertility.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Cham: Springer, 2017. p. 183-207
Series
Demographic Research Monographs, ISSN 1613-5520
Keywords [en]
Austria, Childlessness, Education, Fertility, Sweden
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Demography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-138891DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44667-7_9ISBN: 978-3-319-44665-3 (print)ISBN: 978-3-319-44667-7 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-138891DiVA, id: diva2:1069405
Projects
349-2007-8701 SPaDE340-2013-5164 SUNDEM
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 349-2007-8701Swedish Research Council, 340-2013-5164Available from: 2017-01-27 Created: 2017-01-27 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved

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Neyer, GerdaHoem, Jan M.Andersson, Gunnar
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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