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Effects of Molecular Weight below the Entanglement Threshold on Interfacial Nanoparticles/Polymer Dynamics
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
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Number of Authors: 6
2016 (English)In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 49, no 24, 9457-9473 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This work deals with effects of polymer molecular W-m, below the entanglement threshold W-m,W-e, on molecular dynamics of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) adsorbed onto silica particles, employing differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and two dielectric techniques: broadband depolarization currents (TSDC). The rigid amorphous dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and thermally stimulated polymer fraction at interfaces, RAF(int), was found suppressed for larger W-m by all techniques in qualitative agreement with each other. Results on RAF(int) were supported by evaluating, for the first time, the coverage of hydroxyls at the surfaces of nanoparticles by polymer chains (S relaxation). The mobility of interfacial polymer (alpha(int) relaxation) was followed by BDS and TSDC, showing suppression of dynamics and cooperativity with decreasing W-m. We suggest that interfacial polymer fraction and dynamics are dominated by the concentration of polymer-particle contact points, the latter increasing for smaller W-m due to more free chain ends, as expected below W-m,W-e. Furthermore, adopting models that describe multiple conformations for polymers adsorbed on solid surfaces, we explain our results in terms of promotion of tail/loop-like conformations in the particle-polymer interfacial layer for shorter/longer polymer chains, respectively. The model was further checked by employing surface modification of initial silica, which resulted in smoothening of nanoparticle surface and led to further suppression of RAF(int) and interfacial polymer dynamics.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 49, no 24, 9457-9473 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-139384DOI: 10.1021/acs.macromol.6b01931ISI: 000391080200017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-139384DiVA: diva2:1072282
Available from: 2017-02-07 Created: 2017-02-06 Last updated: 2017-02-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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