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Late readvance and rapid final deglaciation of the last ice sheet in the Grampian Mountains, Scotland
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physical Geography.
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Number of Authors: 52016 (English)In: Journal of Quaternary Science, ISSN 0267-8179, E-ISSN 1099-1417, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 869-878Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Towards the end of the last glaciation, ice sourced from the western Grampian Mountains of Scotland flowed down Strath Spey to encroach on the northern flanks of the Cairngorm Mountains. The maximum of this late advance and its subsequent retreat is recorded by moraines, ice-marginal meltwater channels, and kame terraces that can be traced for 60 km along Strath Spey. New cosmogenic Be-10 exposure ages from moraines indicate deglaciation at 15.1 +/- 1.1 ka. This timing matches closely the recalibrated mean ages of 14.7 +/- 0.7 and 15.2 +/- 0.7 ka for the Wester Ross Readvance in the North-West Highlands. A synchronous readvance of the British-Irish Ice Sheet (BIIS) towards the end of Greenland Stadial 2a (GS-2a) (16.9-14.7 ka) is indicated. Thereafter active ice retreat from the flanks of Strath Spey was rapid, occurring within the similar to 1 ka uncertainty of the cosmogenic exposure ages. We suggest the advance followed the collapse of the marine parts of the BIIS at similar to 16 ka due to conditions of increased precipitation occurring at a time of low temperatures. The rapidity of deglaciation may reflect enhanced Fohn effects caused by the ice dome in the western Grampians.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 31, no 8, p. 869-878
Keywords [en]
Be-10 cosmogenic exposure ages, British-Irish ice sheet, climate, deglaciation, Strath Spey
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-139323DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2911ISI: 000390345600004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-139323DiVA, id: diva2:1073622
Available from: 2017-02-12 Created: 2017-02-12 Last updated: 2017-11-29Bibliographically approved

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